An agreement on Switzerland`s participation in EU education, training and youth programmes was signed in 2010. At the same time, Switzerland is not in a customs union with the EU, which means that it is not obliged to respect the same tariffs on third countries. That is why Switzerland has been able to conclude free trade agreements with third parties, such as China and Indonesia; Negotiations are ongoing with India. In 2004, a series of sectoral agreements (known as “bilateral II”) were signed, including Switzerland`s participation in Schengen and Dublin, as well as agreements on the taxation of savings, processed agricultural products, statistics, anti-fraud, participation in the EU media programme and the Environment Agency. Following the rejection of EEA membership in 1992, Switzerland and the EU agreed on a set of seven sectoral agreements signed in 1999 (called “bilateral I” in Switzerland). These include the free movement of people, technical barriers to trade, public procurement, agriculture and air and land transport. In addition, a scientific agreement on research has fully integrated Switzerland into the EU`s research framework programmes. The seven agreements are closely linked by their entry into force at the same time and no longer apply simultaneously six months after receiving a notification of non-renewal or termination of one of them.  The ongoing implementation of these agreements obliges Switzerland to adopt relevant EU legislation in the covered sectors. This has led to the EU`s firm intention to update the bilateral approach through an ambitious institutional framework agreement. This agreement has not yet been concluded, as it raises a number of sensitive issues concerning the equal conditions of competition and their monitoring. British ears may seem familiar.
Free trade agreements are international treaties between two parties (countries or transnational groups) to ensure free trade. Free trade agreements have reduced the price of products for Swiss consumers and broadened the supply. At the same time, Swiss producers benefit from lower prices for half-products and raw materials. In the February 2014 Swiss referendum on immigration, a federal popular initiative “against mass immigration,” Swiss voters narrowly approved measures to restrict the free movement of foreign nationals to Switzerland. The European Commission said it needed to examine the impact of the result on EU-Swiss relations.  Due to Switzerland`s refusal to grant the free movement of people to Croatia, the EU has only accepted Switzerland`s access to the Erasmus programme for student mobility as a `partner country`, as opposed to a `partner country`, and the EU has frozen negotiations on access to the EU electricity market. On 4 March 2016, Switzerland and the EU signed a treaty extending the agreement on the free movement of persons in Croatia, which led to the full readmission of Switzerland to Horizon 2020, a European financial framework for research and development.  The treaty was ratified on 26 April by the National Council provided that a solution was found for the implementation of the 2014 referendum.
 The contract was adopted in December 2016.  This allowed Switzerland to return to Horizon 2020 on 1 January 2017. In 2009, the Swiss voted in favour of extending the free movement of people to Bulgaria and Romania from 59.6% to 40.4%.  While the 2004/38/EC European Directive on the right of free movement and residence does not apply directly to Switzerland, the bilateral agreement between Switzerland and the EU on the free movement of persons has the same rights for both Swiss citizens and eee and their family members.  Switzerland`s economic and trade relations with the EU are mainly governed by a series of bilateral agreements in which Switzerland has agreed to adopt certain aspects of EU legislation in exchange for access to part of the EU internal market.